The plight of the current political crises must not be a surprise to any educated Papua New Guinean citizen because PNG has struggled for the last few decades with corruption. Since 1975, we have witnessed governments after governments come and go. Policies after polices were passed over the years and yet corruption continues to rip this Theodore Roosevelt quote - educationnation from the government down to the grassroots level. Unless we fix the root cause of the problem, we will not solve corruption.

Many people at this time are crying foul over what is seen as corruption by the state and the judiciary. But there has not been much or if not any wailing going on about the plight of the deteriorating morals of our individual communities. On one hand, I do understand that the government is the most powerful entity in any country. And whatever it does affects its citizens. On the other hand, we tend to forget the implication of our own words, “the government was mandated by the people for the people.” The government is comprised of the best leaders of the every electorate and provinces in the country. Many will disagree with this statement. But this is what the majority of Papua New Guinean citizens around the country said when they put these people into power. Out of the many candidates who raised their hands in the 2012 national election, the majority of the people in each electorate and province chose these bunch of leaders. So, by a majority vote you chose what you thought were the best out of the best leaders you have in your districts. You chose your best sons and daughters to represent you. Now you don’t like them? Who should be blamed; them or us? Maybe we are suffering because of the consequences of our own choices.

The first problem I see is that our people do not like to make good choices based on sound moral principles. It’s not that they do not know right from wrong. They know it but they just don’t like to do it. Our societies are also full of corrupt community leaders. During the election period, a lot of people support candidates based on certain cultural norms such as tribalism, bribery and free handouts. Most of us don’t even care about the moral standards and values of the person we elect into office. We only care about other areas such as the person’s educational qualification, tribal affiliation, work experiences, his money and his party policies. In doing that we miss the very foundation of quality leadership. And that is the moral values and principles of the candidate. No matter how many degrees your leader has, how much money he has, or the best idealistic party policies he presents, if he does not have strong moral principles to guide his life, he is deemed to be a corrupt leader.

I am not an expert in politics. But as far as I know in good leadership, no leader will pass any policy without moral judgements. Moral politics influences the political language used in every decision-making in public policy management.

Most problems we now have are not the result of bad policies or the carvings and totemic poles in the parliament house. It is with the leaders who don’t have strong moral principles to guide them. Therefore, they will pass laws and become the first ones to break their own laws. You can replace the cultural symbols in the parliament with a Bible, but you can’t change the attitude of the government leaders. They have sick moral values that affects their leadership. Compare them with the senators of the White House in America or the parliamentarians in Australia and England and you will realize that the bulk of our MP’s don’t have proper moral behaviors. They can go out partying and drinking, misuse tax payers’ money, make porn movies or marry as many women as they like and continue to lead our nation.

Even in our universities and colleges, morality is at stake. As Theodore Roosevelt said, “To educate a man in the mind and not in morals is to educate menace to society.” You go into some of these institutions and you will find students who live without any sense of moral obligation studying to become leaders of the country. It is sad that our top institutions are equipping a good number of morally irresponsible students along with the good ones. We graduate them and send them into the workforce. But instead of improving it, they add more salt to the wound. It could be like educating terrorists with an intention to contribute meaningfully to their societies. Instead they end up killing and destroying lives with the intellectual abilities they have.

This should ring a bell in our minds about the kind of society we live in. We cannot sugarcoat our society’s image with excuses to deny the reality of our degenerating generation. We must admit that and find ways to partner together in restoring the broken fabrics of our society.

So how do we fix that problem? There is no quick solution to this issue. We can’t put a band-aid to cover an ulcer. You can put your KJV Bible in the Parliament and preach Christianity to them, you can expose them on media, you can take them to court, but neither can you can you teach an old dog new tricks nor discipline them to behave like children. This is a problem that is deeply rooted in our traditional cultural attitudes. Therefore, the only way is to go down back to the where they came from and work on restoring the morals of our society. We must go back and fix the roots of corruption in our families and in our communities and in our education systems.

As I have mentioned earlier in one of my articles in PNG attitude, Families are the main pillar of our society and we all need to be responsible in building good family foundations. The moral foundation of any group of people is not shaped by the constitution of a country. It is not based on the wealth, economy or religious status of a country. The foundation of a nation begins with the family unit.
A child is born into a family and raised in a family. Families gather to form a community. Our communities make up society. Unless we have strong moral family foundations, we will never have a strong nation.

Posted in About PNG

A Narrative of Easter Saturday Evening Unit 2 Fellowship: Reflecting on the Messages by Dr. Clark Armstrong and Dr. Dan Behr.

Photo courtesy of Yumah Poangba

Every Saturday evening between 7:00PM – 8:00PM, we would meet in the living room of one of the families in our apartment for devotion and prayer. It is now almost two years since we started this fellowship. But last night was a very special time.  We did not meet for a prayer meeting but to revel the completion of our 2016-2017 academic year and remember the Christian message and meaning of Easter.

The preparation for the evening meal must have taken almost the whole day. In the morning some went to the nearby markets and shops to buy different food that they wanted to cook. Right after lunch, most of the families were busy with activities in preparation for the evening celebration. They cooked different dishes, baked cakes, made fruit and vegetable salads and prepared ice tea and orange juice. Passing by each apartment one could hear the clanging and rattling music coming from the sound of kitchen utensils as they are being used. The air was filled with the pleasant aroma of the delicious cooking. It felt as if air fresheners were not needed in the living room at that moment. While the mothers were busy at the kitchen, the men raked leaves, plastics and papers, dusted the cobwebs and lastly swept and washed the dust on the concrete floor. After a few minutes the warm dry summer air lazily squeezing through the spaces between the NCEE and VMC buildings swept across the wet concrete floor, and in a few minutes swallowed up the water making the place dry and clean.

Photo courtesy of Yumah Poangba

At 6:00PM tables and chairs were set and each family member proudly brought what they have prepared. You could see the humble gorgeous smiles on their faces and immediately sense the feeling of delight as husb
ands, wives and children began to gather together. The children sat toge
ther and chatted noisily playing cards as a cauldron of shrilling tropical fruit bats flapping their big leathery wings while trying to balance themselves upside down as they prepare to enjoy their evening meal of ripe breadfruits.

Photo courtesy of Yumah Poangba

The adults sat on their chairs conversing cordially with each other as they watched the children playing.

On the tables the food came in different colored containers –small, medium and big. At that moment, there is no feeling that can substitute the sentiments of a hungry group of people sitting around a long table colored with beautiful scrumptious food.  The food was special because there was an arty touch of Indian, African, Filipino, Papua New Guinean, Chinese, Korean and American charms on them. It felt like a little United Nations dinner time.

At around 6:45PM, we joyfully sang in different languages of the world the familiar chorus, “God is so good.” Our resident attendant then asked two of our three professors who were invited to share a short reflection on the message of Easter. One of them took four children and used them as an illustration of Jesus, the two thieves and Barabbas. The second speaker reminded us of the Easter story with a simple, yet profound question – “What would Jesus do” or “What do we expect Jesus to do?”   Though the gospel stories are familiar to many of us (seminary students), the reflection of the messages caused some of us to contemplate seriously on them. Below is a summary of what I gleaned from the messages.

Barabbas was a notorious criminal. According to some biblical scholars, the name Barabbas means “son of the father.” They assumed that he could have been the son of one of the scribes, the high priests or a member of the Sanhedrin. Jesus also called himself “the Son” of “the Father.” Jesus replaced Barabbas so he (Barabbas) could be free.

As we reflect on this story, we all can be identified as sons/daughters of the father. The law has been our father. We were condemned for willfully breaking the law (Rom 3:23). We were all religious prisoners.

This Easter we commemorate the significant moment in the history of humanity that Jesus the Son of God took upon himself our punishments so that we can be set free. He not only set us free but changed our identity from being the sons/daughters of the “father” to become the adopted children of the “Father.”

As we reflect again on how we respond to the saving grace of God made possible through Jesus, we turn to the question, “What would Jesus do?” The two thieves hanging on their crosses with Jesus asked the same question in a statement form. One said, “If you are the messiah, save yourself and save us from this painful and shameful suffering.” The other replied, “… Remember me when you come in your kingdom.”

Often we set expectations like the thief who expected Jesus to perform a miracle in the very darkest moment of his life. When we go through miseries and struggles, we already have a set of expectations of what we want Jesus to do for us. We try to dictate what Jesus would do now as an answer to our prayers.

image013Like the two thieves, we often battle with different thoughts caused by our own human struggles. Both statements are questions of faith. One deals with now and the other about the future. One seek answers to our current problems and the other looks to the future hope in Christ. One assumes that Christ should alleviate the conditions of poverty, stop violence and crime and maybe improve our current living conditions. The other assumes that some the sufferings we have are consequences of our fallen human conditions which we sometimes do not have control over them. But we can simply acknowledge his sovereignty and suffering and trust in his promises for us as we wait in eager anticipation of the culmination of his kingdom.

Golgotha (the skull) reminds us of the brain that is contained in the skull. The brain does a lot of thinking and decision making. Jerusalem is the heart (center of worship). Yet Jesus did not die in Jerusalem. Golgotha is no ordinary place. Christ has to die on Golgotha as a symbolic expression of his work in redeeming our minds (Rom 12:1-2). That is why the term “to repent” means, “to change one’s mind.” If our minds are renewed, our thoughts and actions will also change. Christ died on Golgotha and the curtain of the holy room in the temple in Jerusalem was torn apart so we can have access to the Father. If our minds are renewed, it is easy for our hearts to have access to God.

As we come to the closing moments of this Easter festive season, let us ask God for a transformed mind and a transformed heart as we meditate on this song, “The Power of your Love”

“Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, equip you with everything good that you may do his will, working in us that which is pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.”                                                                                                    (Heb. 13:20-21)


– P.S. This article is written from my personal perspective and may not represent the opinions of everyone. I am writing this to remember the event on this special Saturday evening. Please feel free to comment if you want to.  


Posted in Family, Religion

A Reflection on the Easter celebration of the Roman Catholics: 6 things Protestants can appreciate about them.

Easter walk 2 I stood at the edge of the road helping the seminary students give more than 130 gallons of water in small plastic bags to the flood of people passing by our seminary gate heading towards the Roman Catholic (RC) cathedral in Antipolo city on Thursday evening. Usually the road outside the main gate is constantly occupied with traffic congestion every day. But that evening was different. The road was packed like a river flooded with people. The glows of the different street lights flashed on them like torch lights on a colony of ants that have just crawled out of nowhere at night making their way towards scraps of food left under the dining table after an evening meal. At the side of the road were people selling food, soft drinks, local Filipino snacks and many other goodies. I watched in admiration as people of all sizes and age groups proudly marched up the hill outside the Asia Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary heading towards Antipolo.

I looked over and saw some Christian friends standing around me watching what was happening. I turned to one of them whom I figured out to be an assistant pastor of a local church in our city. “Kuya (brother),” I chatted excitedly, “it’s wonderful to know that the huge number of people we see walking by are Christians.” Yes but…mmm..,” he muttered with a grin on his cheek, “They are not like us. Their ways are totally different from us.” Without a word, I turned around and saw another familiar person standing a meter away towards my right. I moved towards him and chuckled to gain his attention, “Sir, look at all these people. They are Christians. If this crowd represents another religion than Christianity, I think this country will not be free like what we have now. I wonder if we would have peace or not in this country? I wonder if we Christians will be able to proudly call ourselves as Christians. Thank God we are at least safe here from violence caused as a result of religious wars.” The person stood with hands folded and simply nodded his head with a weak grin on his face as if my statement was true but not fascinating enough to make him fully appreciate it. I stood there thinking about what I have said and the responses I have received. Then I moved back out onto the road to help the students.

Easter walk1Around 8:30 PM, our water supply ran out so we had to stop and retreat back to our own dormitories. Since we did not feel like eating dinner earlier, we felt hungry so my wife quickly prepared a light meal which we ate hungrily.

It is towards the end of March and in some countries it is usually the start of the spring season. But in Manila spring time is no different than summer. The nights are sometimes as warm as the daytime. The air from the fan blowing at high speed facing me felt like the warm breeze sweeping down the rugged hills rushing across the dry Markham plains of PNG. Sweat dripping down my back and armpits made me unable to resist the urge of a quick shower before I get on my bed to get a good night sleep. Then I remembered the pictures I had taken on my mobile phone, so I quickly looked at some good ones and posted them on my Facebook timeline. Instead of sleeping I sat on the bed leaning back against the white concrete wall and pondered with closed eyes about what I have just observed. What did I see? Did it mean anything to me? Was that just another RC religious practice? What can I as a protestant Christian glean from this practice?

  1. The RC’s are Christians.  

I thought about the response my pastor friend had given me. I am saddened about the fact that the response he gave is the reality of what a lot of Protestant Christians think of the RC’s. Many think the RC’s are not Christians. Many times when people meet me on the road, at the market or in shops and restaurants, they would ask me the same questions. “What country are you from? Are you a missionary?” I would reply, “No, I’m a seminary student.” Oh OK! What church? Catholic or Christian?” My response as always is, “I am both! I am a Christian and a Catholic.” That answer makes them even more confused because to many being a Christian is different from a (Roman) Catholic. The reason why I say that I am both is because “being a Catholic is different from being a Roman Catholic.” All true believers of Christ are first, members of the Catholic Church; the universal Church of Christ scattered around the world. Secondly, they choose to be part of a worshiping community under a denomination which RC is one of them.

Many of the Protestants today see the RC’s as another religious group. There are theological and practical reasons why we see ourselves different from each other. These theological differences shape the way we identify ourselves as Christians. And we can argue with each other about that for years. Yet the fact is we are both Christians. “Unity does not have to be uniformity.” We tend to think we are holier and righteous than them, and they need to learn from us. We think we are the real Christians. But there are few facts we can learn and appreciate about RC.

2. Christianity can no longer be the biggest religion in the word without RC’s. 

There are many denominations and sects under Christianity. The RC is possibly the biggest Christian denomination with a huge number of followers that adds up the total number of Christians around the world making Christianity the biggest religion with approximately more than 32 % of the world’s population. Take away almost 1.2 billion RC’s and Christianity is no longer the biggest religion in the world. The next time you see a Roman Catholic brother or sister, be grateful that he or she is one of those that make your number bigger than other religions.

Does quantity matter? Yes! Where there is a majority of people who follow a certain religion, their religious culture often dominates the lives of the minority groups. Where there are many Muslims, the state or country in which they live becomes an Islamic state or nation. It is the same with Hinduism in India and Buddhism in Myanmar. Philippines and some other nations are branded as a Christian nations because of the number of Christians living in the country. Philippines in particular is not branded a Christian nation because of the number of protestant churches but because of the huge number of RC’s and their influence over the cultural practices of the people.

3. The RC’s contribute a lot to social service delivery.

Despite our critic of the theology of salvation by works, protestant Christians in many parts of Asia should have a sense of respect and gratitude towards RC because their early missionaries paved the way to spread Christianity into our primitive societies. They set up schools, hospitals and worked with the colonial governments to develop our societies. Today they own some of the best higher learning institutions in the Philippines and other neighboring countries. Many of their missionaries sacrificed their lives travelling to unknown dangerous territories, walked into remote jungles and rugged mountain terrains to establish contact with the local people. They lived with them and established mission stations that began pioneering the spread of Christianity in our countries. That is something that should not be debated but acknowledged by other denominations. If you are a protestant Christian, did your denomination arrive before the RC missionaries or after them? Would it be much easier or difficult for your denomination to start its pioneer work if the RC’s had not spread the Christian influence? Will your missionaries be welcomed? I think of the history of Christianity in my country and feel that we owe a lot of gratitude towards the early missionaries of the RC.

4. The RC’s use a lot of meaningful religious symbols.

I am not an expert in Roman Catholicism and do not know much about all the details of the RC religious rituals and the symbols used. But lately as a seminary student in the Wesleyan evangelical tradition, I began to learn a lot about the use of symbols in Christian worship and discovered some very important things about the liturgies of the RC and other mainline evangelical churches. I am amazed at how some of the symbols used in their worship liturgies convey a rich sacred meaning that enhances ones faith when he or she understands them and uses them in the proper way. Though we as Protestants do not agree theologically on the use of all their religious symbols, there is a great deal of deep religious thought to glean from some of their liturgical practices.

Maybe at this contemporary age, we may have wandered too quick and too far down the road turning our worship services into gospel music concerts. We have thrown away the use of our past liturgies that included objects that are symbols of deep spiritual meanings. We have replaced religious events during Christmas and Easter with picnics, Christmas parties at the poolside, ball games and movies that aim to entertain people to avoid the fear of losing them. More time, money and effort is spent in organizing these activities and less or no time and concentration is given to events that help us reflect on the significance of Easter and Christmas.

A few of my seminary professors and students decided to join the walk with the pilgrims. After the walk I heard testimonies of how students were overwhelmed by the experience of walking to remember a significant event that changed the cause of human history. I wonder what you have planned to do in your worship services during the Easter weekend to give you a deeper meaning of this religious festive season. Maybe we need to pause and learn something from the RC’s.

5. The RC’s follow the Christian calendar.

080206-N-7869M-057 Atlantic Ocean (Feb. 6, 2008) Electronics Technician 3rd Class Leila Tardieu receives the sacramental ashes during an Ash Wednesday celebration aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1). U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Brian May (Released)

Atlantic Ocean (Feb. 6, 2008) Electronics Technician 3rd Class Leila Tardieu receives the sacramental ashes during an Ash Wednesday celebration aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1). U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Brian May (Released)

Many protestant churches do not follow the annual Christian calendar and sometimes are not prepared as they move towards the Christmas and Easter festive seasons. The RC’s and a few protestant denominations are faithful in following the Christian calendar. Before the Easter season, they begin their preparation at the beginning of the Lenten season; about 40 days before the Easter week. While they prepare to celebrate the Easter season, most of the Protestants don’t think about it until the week of Palm Sunday or the Easter weekend.

What did your local church do to prepare you for this Easter season?

What church activity are you involved in to make this festive season a memorable experience in your spiritual life?

6. The RC’s are devoted to their religious practices. 

I admire the RC’s when it comes to their devotion to their religious festivals. I understand that some people have negative opinions regarding their salvation and faith which I am not in a position to judge. Regardless of who they are, (not all but) most of them would be willing to set time aside from their busy schedules during Christmas and Easter seasons just to attend mass or participate in a religious event. I assume it is not the same with some Protestants who claim to know the truth and are set free from the bondage of religion.

You may argue that you don’t have to be committed to your denominational practices to be a Christian. But remember, that being a Christian is part of being a member of a community of believers. You can be a member of a denomination and not be a Christian. But you cannot be a Christian without being a part of a community of believers in faith and practice. We are identified by whom who associate with and how we behave. You are a foreigner if you don’t act, think and talk in some ways like the community you belong. In my human limitations I do have doubts about some people who profess to be saved and sanctified but are arrogant and reluctant to be devoted in their practice that reveals their religious devotion. They are always very busy and don’t have time for religious activities. Yet they do make time available to go to cinemas, a weekend picnic near the beach or to take a vacation. They don’t have one or two hours for a religious activity but they do have a whole day, a weekend or a week for a picnic or a vacation.

On one hand the religious activities make us feel part of a worshiping community. On the other hand, the religious activities are not meant to be taken as an end to themselves or as means of salvation but as different”means of grace” that enriches our spiritual experiences that connect us to God. They are our human responses to God’s doing in our lives as part of the church.

Though some RC’s go through their religious motion in worship without really understanding the real meaning of what they are doing, the point is that they are committed to doing it. In contrast, some Protestants come to worship expecting to be entertained by the worship team. They complain about every detail of worship. They complain about the songs, how the music is played, the sermon, how the other person dresses, whether they are being welcomed in church or not, how the church is organized and the list of complains goes on and on.

Many years ago while attending an RC primary school and vocational training school, I played music in their liturgy and joined them in some of their religious activities. I never understood everything they did. But I saw that they were very devoted and took their mass seriously. The RC’s attend their mass, perform what they are told to do and leave when the mass is over. They don’t have time to complain about the mass or the administration of the church. That is the role of the priest and his assistants. Their focus is to worship.

It is not that our complaints about our worship services and church administration are bad. In fact we need to look for different ways to make our worship services better to enhance our worship experiences with God. But too often we attend services to judge and forget that we go to church as a community gathered to worship God. Often our judgmental attitudes hinder us from an open humble submission as we unite in our participation of worship. For the RC, it is not the sweet songs, or the style of music that enhances their religious experience but their participation in what others assume to be a boring liturgical mass that satisfies them. We may be too sophisticated with our worship styles while they worship in a simple liturgical format. But they use religious symbols that conveys sacred meanings that speak deeper and stronger than the sound of a noisy rock band on a Sunday worship service.

What are some things you can learn from the Roman Catholics devotion to their religious faith that can challenge your commitment to your own church?

I hope you have learned something from them. Here are the six main points to appreciate about the RC’s.

  1. The RC’s are your Christian brothers and sisters. (though they may not be like you).
  2. The RC’s make you the biggest religion in the world.
  3. The RC’s contribute a lot to social service delivery.
  4. The RC’s use a lot of meaningful religious symbols
  5. The RC’s follow a Christian calendar
  6. The RC’s are devoted to their denominational practice.


Don’t miss the blessing of this Easter season. Observe what other Christians are doing and try to learn something good from them. Appreciate their uniqueness. You may not like everything they do. But try to see if you can learn a few things from them. By doing that you are helping yourself to “think outside your religious box” and do things differently. Remember, Christian worship does not always have to have a standard format like what you always do in your church. By learning something from other denominations, you can improve your church worship experience as well as your devotional life.


  • P.S. – Please don’t forget to leave a comment below to help me improve this article.
Posted in Religion

The Clash of Cultures Within a Developing PNG Mind

Papua New Guinea is changing very fast and the effects of it is felt in many developing areas in the country. Every Papua New Guinean understand how it feels to be caught in a culture clash. Yet wet often do not know how to express our opinions of the cultural clashes going on within us. Click this link to read the riveting poetry on the cultural clash within the developing PNG mind.


Posted in About PNG, Education, Family, Music & Arts, Religion, Work

PNG has a lot to offer to the world

The biblical expression by Jesus, “the first shall be last and the last shall be first,” is widely used in many contexts. Probably one such example is the rise and fall of many nations around the world.

It is true that many countries in the world are not in the top 20 – 50 list of what people categorize as developed countries.

A lot of people in countries that are considered as “developing countries” have a general perception that only the developed countries can offer them help. In fact it is true in terms of education, health, technology and other areas.

But the good thing about many young developing nations is that most of their natural resources have not been used. therefore, developed countries are now turning to developing countries to get something that they no longer have. Such is the case with Papua New Guinea (PNG).

PNG is so rich in minerals and other resources. One of it is the virgin forest found in many remote jungles spread across the nation.

PNG now has a chance to turn one of it’s biggest natural resources into money without doing any damage to the environment.

Sam Knight writes about his discovery of what may become a huge economic boost for the most remote, neglected and undeveloped parts of PNG. Click the link below to read more:

Posted in About PNG, Work

What is Christian Music?

I was reading some articles about Christian worship and music and stumbled on this article I wrote about seven years ago as a first year student in Bible School. Somehow it was put into the Melanesian Journal of Theology. The article was written from my perspective of music not as an expert in the field of music or theology but as a youth in the church who wanted to express his opinion about how he understands what Christian music should be. Click the link to read . This article can be downloaded for free.

Visit for more information about Melanesian Journal of Theology.

Posted in About PNG, Education, Music & Arts, Religion

Are you doing something?

There are some people who go through life complaining about their situations without doing anything. They shift the blame over to the government, religious organization, company or to someone else. Others realize their problem and look for ways to do something about it. Click the link below to read more about the amazing story of the Hagen market taxis.

Posted in About PNG, Education, Family, Work